My Blog
By Family Foot Health Center
August 31, 2018
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Arthritis  

Arthritis is a joint condition that affects roughly 54 million American adults according to the Arthritis Foundation. It can show up in joints all around the body, including the feet and toes. When the joints of the feet are affected by inflammation, it affects a patient’s ability to move their toes, bend their feet up or down, and turn on a dime when participating in athletic activities. Learn the steps that you can take to care for arthritic feet and improve your overall foot health.

Arthritis in the Feet
Arthritic joint pain, which is usually caused by an inflammatory reaction, is most commonly felt in the big toe, ankle, and the middle part of the foot. There are many different types of arthritis conditions that could affect the feet, including psoriatic, reactive, and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is the most common form—it is caused by the bones rubbing together, making the joints feel stiff and painful. Patients who are overweight are more likely to struggle with arthritic feet, as are seniors. Some people have had arthritis since childhood (juvenile arthritis or JA), making them more likely to develop foot deformities like bunions and struggle with swollen joints.

Arthritis Treatments
Though arthritis isn’t a curable condition, the symptoms can be eased with treatment so that you can continue to walk, jog, exercise, and work without debilitating pain. These are some of the ways your podiatrist may treat arthritis in the feet:

  • An X-ray or other imaging test to examine the condition of the joints.
  • Physical therapy exercises to make the joints more flexible.
  • Orthotic device or shoe for better foot support.
  • Joint injections (corticosteroids).
  • NSAID drugs (anti-inflammatories).
  • Surgery to remove inflamed tissue around the joints (Arthroscopic debridement) or fuse the bones (arthrodesis).

Caring for Your Feet
Seeing a foot doctor is an important part of caring for arthritic feet. But there are also some actions you can take at home to keep your feet and joints in good condition:

  • Get rid of shoes that put too much pressure on your joints, like high heels or sneakers that don’t support the ankles.
  • Soak your feet in warm water with Epsom salt and massage your feet when relaxing.
  • Commit to doing the toe and foot exercises suggested by your podiatrist.

Treating Arthritic Feet
Arthritic feet shouldn't prevent you from carrying on with normal life and physical activities. Get help from a podiatrist as soon as you start to experience symptoms and take extra steps to care for your feet.

By Family Foot Health Center
July 30, 2018
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Blister  

A foot blister is a small pocket of fluid that forms on the foot. Blisters can be painful while they heal. Foot blisters are caused by several things, including friction, burns, contact with irritants, and autoimmune diseases. Treatment can alleviate your pain, prevent infection, and help heal your blister. Here's what to do when you keep getting blisters on your feet.

1. See a podiatrist- When foot blisters interfere with your normal activities, you should see a podiatrist. Podiatrists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of foot and ankle problems, including blisters. Depending on the cause of the foot blister, your podiatrist will form a treatment plan for you. 

2. Cover your blisters- If a blister does occur, do not pop it. A blister should be covered to reduce irritation and cut back on the risk of infection. Wash your blisters with soap and water and cover them with dressings, like bandages or gauze pads. Your dressings should be changed every day. 

3. Use antibiotic ointment- Antibiotic ointment helps prevent infections in blisters. You can purchase antibiotic ointment at a local pharmacy. Apply antibiotic ointment to the foot blisters as directed, especially before you put on your socks or shoes.

4. Keep your feet dry- Keep your feet dry at all times. After you shower, dry your feet thoroughly. Wear socks every day to keep moisture away from the skin of your feet. For sweaty feet, use products that help control moisture. 

5. Use custom orthotics- Orthotic devices are molded pieces of rubber, leather, or other material that are inserted into shoes. You can get custom-made orthotic devices from your podiatrist. Orthotic devices can be helpful in preventing and treating foot blisters. Orthotic devices can reduce friction on foot blisters and alleviate your pain. 

6. Wear the right shoes- Rubbing and pressure from shoes that are too tight often cause blisters on the feet. Avoid wearing shoes that cause foot blisters. Wear good-fitting footwear that fit comfortably and leave your feet with some wiggle room, especially on long walks or runs. Wearing the right footwear can prevent future blisters.

7. Use foot powders- Friction can make foot blisters worse and increase your pain. In order to reduce friction on blisters, buy a powder designed for your feet at a pharmacy. Pour it into your socks before putting on your shoes to reduce pain. If a powder causes your foot blisters to become irritated, stop using it.


Don't let foot blisters knock you off your feet. Find a podiatrist in your area and schedule an appointment. A podiatrist can help you get rid of those foot blisters once and for all. The journey to healthy feet starts with you!

By Family Foot Health Center
July 19, 2018
Category: Foot Condition
Tags: Bunions  

BunionsHow your podiatrists in Howell can help

If you are dealing with hammertoes, you already know how difficult it can be to put on shoes. You may be having difficulty walking, and may be experiencing foot pain. The good news is there are effective treatments to eliminate the discomfort and disfigurement of hammertoes. Dr. Richard Lesser and Dr. William Hoffman at Family Foot Health Center in Howell, NJ, want to share the facts about hammertoes and how you can get relief.

A hammertoe results from muscles holding your toe at an angle. Over time, the muscles and tendons lose their ability to relax and you will be unable to straighten out your toe. This imbalance results in your toe bending outward at the middle joint, resembling a hammer. You will typically see a hammertoe in the second, third, or fourth toe.

There are a few reasons your toe might be bending in the wrong position. You can develop a hammertoe if you:

  • Wear shoes that don’t fit well, without enough toe room
  • Have a muscle or tendon imbalance in your foot
  • Have a degenerative joint condition like arthritis
  • Have experienced a traumatic injury to your toe
  • Experience pressure from a callus or bunion
  • Have a high arch in your foot, causing your foot to press forward

If you notice you are developing a hammertoe, you can try:

  • Changing to wider shoes that won’t cramp your toes
  • Wearing open shoes or sandals
  • Stretching out each of your toes with your fingers
  • Doing toe exercises by trying to grab objects off of the floor
  • Taking over-the-counter anti-inflammatories like ibuprofen
  • Using pads or cushions to support your feet

For stubborn cases of hammertoe, your best option is to see the experts, your podiatrists at Family Foot Health Center. They offer several effective treatments including:

  • Splints and other devices to straighten and realign your toe
  • Custom orthotics or footwear to correct muscle/tendon imbalance
  • Prescription strength anti-inflammatory medication
  • Surgical realignment in severe cases

If you are dealing with hammertoes, it’s time to get relief by calling Dr. Lesser and Dr. Hoffman at Family Foot Health Center in Howell, NJ. Don’t wait to get relief, call today!

By Family Foot Health Center
July 05, 2018
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Hammertoes  

When most people think about foot deformities they most often think about bunions; however, hammertoes are just as common. This unassuming deformity comes about gradually, so you may not even notice it until it’s too late. “What is a hammertoe?” You might be wondering. A hammertoe affects the middle joint of a toe (often the smaller toes), causing the toe to bend downward. In severe cases, a hammertoe will look almost claw-like.

There are two kinds of hammertoes: flexible and rigid. As you might imagine, a flexible hammertoe is one in which you can still straighten the toe out. If you aren’t able to straighten the affected toe then this is a rigid hammertoe. A flexible hammertoe isn’t as serious as a rigid one; however, it’s important that you take care of your hammertoe to make sure that it doesn’t get worse.

While there is no way to cure a hammertoe there are simple measures you can take to prevent it from progressing. First and foremost, you need to take a look at the shoes you are wearing and make sure that they aren’t too tight. When you slip your feet into your shoes, does it cause your toes to bunch up against one another? If so then this could make your hammertoe worse.

Instead, opt for shoes with an ample toe box, which will allow your toes to wiggle and move around freely. If you have a structural imbalance within the foot this can leave you prone to foot problems such as hammertoes and bunions. To correct this imbalance, talk to your foot doctor about getting custom orthotics (shoe inserts), which can be placed into your shoes to help provide cushioning, support, and shock absorption for your feet.

If pain or stiffness does rear its ugly head you can choose to take an over-the-counter pain reliever like ibuprofen, which can tackle both pain and inflammation in one fell swoop, or you can place a towel-wrapped ice pack (never put ice directly on the skin, as it can cause severe burns) over the area for several minutes.

Just as you can buy pads to cover a bunion or callus, you can also buy a non-medicated protective pad to cover over a hammertoe. Since the deformed toe joint juts out this can leave the toe prone to calluses, which can cause pain when wearing shoes. To prevent a callus from forming, you can apply a protective pad over the deformed toe joint before putting on shoes.

Of course, if you are dealing with significant or frequent pain, or if the hammertoe is rigid, then you will want to turn to a podiatric specialist. In severe cases, surgery may be recommended to correct the disfigured joint.

By Family Foot Health Center
June 05, 2018
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Toenail Fungus  

Struggling with toenail fungus? Toenail fungus is an infection underneath the surface of the toenail caused by fungus. It can make your toenail fungustoenail get thicker or change color. It can also be painful. Left untreated, the fungal infection could spread to other toenails, your fingernails, or skin. Family Foot Health Center, which is located in Howell, NJ, offers treatments for toenail fungus. Dr. Richard Lesser and Dr. William Hoffman are some of the top podiatrists in Howell, NJ.

1. Topical Nail Polish- Topical nail lacquer is used to treat fungal infections of the fingernails and toenails. Topical nail lacquer works by stopping the growth of nail fungus. The nail lacquers which are currently available to treat nail fungus are amorolfine and ciclopirox nail lacquers. Topical treatment with nail lacquer may last as long as one year. 

2. Topical Creams- Topical antifungals are often prescribed to treat toenail fungus. You apply these products directly to the toenail and surrounding skin to a toenail fungus infection. Common topical antifungals include terbinafine (Lamisil) and clotrimazole (Lotrimin AF). Topical creams should be applied exactly as directed by your podiatrist. 

3. Medication- Oral antifungus medications are also prescribed to treat toenail fungus. Options include itraconazole (Sporanox) and terbinafine (Lamisil). These medications help the toenail grow free of infection. Patients typically take this type of medication for 6 to 12 weeks. 

4. Laser Therapy- Laser therapy is one of the newer innovations in fighting toenail fungus infections. The laser works by shining a beam of light into a nail infected with fungus. The laser penetrates the toenail and vaporizes the fungus on the toenail. Laser therapy reaches to the core of the infection and destroys the fungus completely.

5. Surgery- In some cases, surgical treatment may be necessary. Surgical nail removal can be done in your podiatrist's office. During surgical nail removal, your podiatrist will inject a local anesthetic into your toe so you will not feel any pain. Your podiatrist will then loosen the folds of skin around the nail and separate the nail from the toe by easing a tool beneath the nail.

Toenail fungus is an embarrassing condition that impacts your quality of life. Don't wait another minute- call Family Foot Health Center at 732-370-1100 today to schedule an appointment in Howell, NJ. Get your life back on track by receiving the best treatment available.





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